Head Pain Behind Ear Left Side – Everyone must have experienced headaches. There are more than 300 types of headaches, ranging from migraines to headaches behind the ears. You may be one of the people who often experience a clattering head, until the pain spreads behind the ear. This condition makes you wonder what the cause is.
One of the most common locations of headaches that are quite widely experienced is headaches behind the ears, especially on the left. If you feel dizzy behind your ears, you should not ignore it. When the pain behind the ear does not subside, you should find out what is the cause of the lingering ear headache.
This is so that you immediately figure out how to treat the most intense headache behind the ear.
Check out the explanation of the various causes and how to deal with head pain behind ear left side.
1. Otitis Media
Otitis media is the medical term for inflammation in the middle ear. This condition usually occurs because of a bacterial or viral infection that causes a cold, flu, or other respiratory infection.
The back of the throat and nose are interconnected to the middle ear through a component called the eustachian tube. This allows the infection in the back of the throat and nose to propagate to the middle ear. Otitis media is usually characterized by swelling and accumulation of fluid in the middle ear that causes pain to the back of the ear.
2. Otitis Externa
Otitis externa is an inflammation of the outer ear consisting of leaves, holes, and connecting canals of the eardrum. This condition often occurs after a person swims. Bacteria in water trapped in the ear canal cause the occurrence of infection.
Swimmer’s ear usually this condition is also called. In addition, otitis externa can also be caused by allergies or chronic skin diseases. Commonly indicated symptoms include ear pain, itching, congestion, impaired hearing, and in some cases, there is fluid escaping.
Mastoiditis is an infection of the mastoid bone whose position surrounds the middle and inner ear. This becomes the most common cause of you experiencing pain behind the ear. In adults, the symptoms of mastoiditis are usually severe pain behind the ears, fever, and headache.
Young children who have mastoiditis usually become very cranky because of the pain and fever that occurs. Other symptoms are redness and swelling of the back of the ears.
4. Accumulated earwax
Serumen or what we usually see as earwax is a substance that protects the outer lining of the ear. Serumen usually comes out of the ear hole by itself. However, some things can result in disruption of the normal serum production process, for example because:
- The use of a cotton swab to remove earwax.
- Habitual scratching the inside of the ear with a finger.
- Wearing hearing aids.
- It has a narrow ear canal.
- The resulting serumen is too dry.
- Using the headset too often
As a result, the serumen cannot be removed, pushed back until it accumulates. The buildup of such dirt eventually triggers pain behind or inside the ear, ear congestion, impaired hearing, and tinnitus.
5. Problematic teeth
Dental problems, especially caries and untreated dental abscesses can cause symptoms in the form of pain behind the ear. A scientific study in the Iranian Journal of Otolaryngology found that of the 770 patients who experienced ear pain, 100 of them were related to the dental problems they suffered from.
6. Temporomandibular Joint Dislocation (TMJ)
Dislocation of the Temporomandibular Joint or TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder) occurs when the position of the lower jawbone shifts from its relation to the upper jaw or exits the normal position. This condition can affect the temporomandibular joint located in front of the ear.
The main symptom of TMJ is dull pain in the side of the affected ear. The pain tends to worsen if the patient chews or opens and closes the mouth. Other symptoms are the presence of a ‘creak’ sound in the jaw, headache, until the ears buzz.
7. Occipital neuralgia
Occipital neuralgia is also a common cause of pain behind the ear. This condition occurs when the nerves that travel from part of the spinal cord to the scalp are damaged or inflamed. Symptoms include sharp pain from the back of the head, neck, as well as the back of the eyes.
8. Ramsay Hunt Syndrome
Ramsay hunt syndrome occurs when shingles (smallpox) damages the facial nerve near the ear. Usually, the typical rash of smallpox infects the outer ear as well as the inner ear canal. This provokes intense pain, it can even lead to facial paralysis and hearing loss.
How to Treat a Head Pain Behind Ear Left Side:
- Treatment of pain behind the ear will depend on the cause. For example, infections such as otitis externa or otitis media due to bacterial infections often require treatment with antibiotics in the form of ear drops or medications taken.
- While in mastoiditis, the infection that occurs is usually more serious and requires antibiotics being injected as well as surgical drainage to remove the infected fluid. Likewise in dental abscesses that require drainage and antibiotic therapy.
- While on the buildup of earwax, the doctor may recommend the use of special drops that can soften the earwax. In addition, ear irrigation can also be done, which is the act of rinsing the ears to clean the serumen.
- Treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders usually involves a combination of painkillers, such as muscle relaxants and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), physical therapy, stress management, and avoiding triggers such as biting nails or pursing the jaw.
- To treat Ramsay Hunt syndrome, it is common to be prescribed antiviral drugs and steroids. As for occipital neuralgia, the treatment can be a combination of pain medications, and physical therapy carried out by a neurologist.
- Expand rest or take a nap in a quiet place.
- Control stress.
- Put a heating pad or warm compress on the back of the neck.
- Stop doing the habit of grinding teeth.
Most cases of head pain behind ear left side can go away on its own.
However, consult a doctor immediately if the pain behind the ear that you experience, accompanied by the following conditions:
- The pain gets worse overtime
- You feel a variety of symptoms such as: High fever, Severe headaches, Locked jaws, Nausea, and vomiting, feeling confused and there are changes in personality, feeling lethargic, Stiff
- You’ve been on medication, but it’s not getting better.
If your condition does not also improve and tends to get worse, you should immediately consult a doctor. This is done so that you can get the right handling according to your needs.
After undergoing various tests for the diagnosis of the condition being experienced and performing various methods of first aid to relieve the symptoms of the condition being experienced, the doctor will find the cause of head pain behind ear left side.
After that, the doctor will determine the appropriate treatment method to overcome the condition being experienced.