Low blood pressure while pregnant is one of the common conditions experienced by pregnant women. Although it does not always have a harmful impact on pregnancy, pregnant women still need to be vigilant.
Blood pressure is the force of blood to push the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps. Blood pressure readings are generally change, can rise and fall according to health conditions. Moods such as when happy and nervous also affect.
Blood pressure readings need to be done regularly, including for pregnant women, to reveal important information about the health of mothers and their little ones. It can also be a way for the doctor to determine if the mother has other conditions that need to be examined, such as preeclampsia.
Changes that occur in the mother’s body during pregnancy are known to affect blood pressure. When carrying a baby, the circulatory system expands rapidly and causes a decrease in blood pressure. This drop in blood pressure usually occurs in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy
Low blood pressure during pregnancy can be characterized by symptoms of dizziness, nausea, difficulty concentrating, pale-looking face, excessive thirst, fatigue, and heart palpitations.
Overcoming low blood pressure in pregnant women needs to be done appropriately, according to the cause. Let’s, find out the cause and how to overcome low blood pressure in pregnant women.
Causes of Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
Pregnant women will experience increased blood flow in the body to maintain the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. This causes the blood pressure of the pregnant woman’s body to decrease, it is the main cause of low blood pressure or hypotension in most pregnant women.
However, there are also other causes, including having twins, a medical history of congenital hypotension that has occurred since before pregnancy, or underlying medical diseases such as dehydration, certain heart diseases, as well as anemia.
In addition, factors such as a lack of folic acid or vitamin B12 can also cause pregnant women to experience low blood pressure.
Usually, pregnant women will experience dizziness and feel fireflies after sitting for a long time or squatting. If mothers use a squat toilet, must be careful when you stand up. Do it slowly.
Symptoms of low blood pressure while pregnancy
In most pregnant women, the diastolic pressure may drop to 15mm Hg, while the systolic pressure may drop by about 5-10mm Hg.
The dropped systolic and diastolic pressure can last during the gestation period and everything can return to normal after that.
Generally, adults including pregnant women with healthy body conditions have a normal blood pressure of around 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg.
low blood pressure while pregnant that occur during pregnancy are no different from the low blood pressure that occurs when not pregnant, such as:
- Mild headache especially when standing suddenly from a sitting position
- blurred or shaded vision,
- pale, sweaty, and cold skin
- difficulty of concentration,
- high heart rate,
- excessive thirst and fatigue.
Usually, pregnant women do not need special treatment for low blood pressure conditions, unless the symptoms indicated are serious or there is a risk of developing complications.
Even so, it doesn’t mean that you can underestimate low blood pressure, yes. There are still some changes in daily behavior that should be done so that the condition does not get worse.
Among them are avoid getting up too soon when sitting or lying down, do not stand for too long, drink enough water every day, use loose clothes, avoid stress, and always pay attention to a healthy diet.
If pregnant women feel symptoms of low blood pressure, accompanied by headaches, shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, or weakness, you should immediately see a doctor to get the right treatment and treatment.
These are some of the ways to deal with low blood pressure during pregnancy
Although the decrease is not drastic, low blood pressure generally does not negatively affect the health of the pregnant mother and the fetus. It is possible that low blood pressure will return to normal after giving birth, without requiring special treatment.
mothers may experience a few complaints above when low blood pressure occurs. However, you can try simple steps to minimize these symptoms:
- Try lying face to the left as this position can increase blood flow to the heart.
- Avoid some sudden movements especially when standing from a sitting and squatting position.
- Avoid standing for long periods of time.
- Using support stockings or maternity tights.
- Avoid drinks and foods containing caffeine or alcoholic beverages.
- Eat small portions of food several times a day instead of three large meals.
- Exercise regularly because it sharpens reflexes and helps keep blood pressure within the normal range. Consult a doctor about exercise that is safe for mothers to do during pregnancy.
- Drink plenty of fluids. A pregnant woman should drink more water than the recommended amount for a normal person, if possible, drink three liters of water per day.
- Meet protein intake from red meat, fish, and chicken. Then, don’t forget to also eat fruits and vegetables. In addition, pregnant women can also supplement it with milk.
Those are some things that are important to pay attention to if mothers experience low blood pressure while pregnant. Do not forget to pay attention to the nutrition of feeding intake during pregnancy. Also meet the need for protein and folic acid during pregnancy.
Thus, information about low blood pressure while pregnant. Always take care of your health and regularly consult a doctor if you experience it.